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2021.12.03 03:11 shinzakuro Lfm Grand Master trial

Hello, looking for people for a grandmaster Trial Tiamat, thanks. Code: XCYR
submitted by shinzakuro to idlechampions [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Domslayer922 Martin Scorsese's Silence review.

So I watched Martin Scorsese's movie silence it's a movie about Catholic/Christians being persecuted in 14th century Japan. Rodrigo and gurupe go to Japan to seek their teacher in Japan to see if it was true that he turned away from christianity. I was definitely impressed by how well it covered the fundamentals of my faith and the moral questions it asked. it handles the gospel well because you can't loose your salvation they just want you to turn away from your faith and the movie illiterates this that you can lie but even if you do and you're found out you'll be right back where you started. It's a film that illiterates how the Christian can be beaten into submission being turned into something they didn't intend to be and I'm still digesting it days later. It's magnificently shot. I love the Akira kurosawa influence in the film. You can tell on screen that this was a movie made with a guy who had genuine love and knowledge of his faith and cared about the topics the film discusses on a real world/biblical basis. I think it's honestly top 10 films of the last decade that no one is talking about. This is truly a great thoughtful piece of filmmaking that I'm glad Scorsese took 30 years to express his thoughts on faith as a whole because on a filmmaking level he's never dipped in terms of the craft of his films.
submitted by Domslayer922 to TrueFilm [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 throwaway04122020020 How to make hygiene/basic skincare enjoyable!

So I have depression and while I’m being treated for it, I continue to be really unmotivated when it comes to basic routines like regular brushing and flossing, changing my sheets and pillowcases often, and especially, moisturizing my face and body. E.g. I get a nice new face cream, apply it daily for the first few days or even week, but then I become lazier about it and am left with a dry face.
I want to have better teeth and skin, so how can I make caring for them less of a chore and dare I say almost enjoyable?
submitted by throwaway04122020020 to TheGirlSurvivalGuide [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 derpkeck derpkeck

derpkeck submitted by derpkeck to derpkeck [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 no_carbs I have this question and im stumped.."Create a table that shows the second item ordered by each Rep (based on date) along with the number of units of that item"

So i have this question and im completely stumped as to how to go about it. My friend suggested doing a vlookup based on date and manually creating a table. This does work but im left wondering if there's an easier way or cleaner way..any ideas?
The original table is to the left.
submitted by no_carbs to excel [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Ecthelion75 Increasing station NPC spawn?

Does anyone know how to increase the number of NPC crewmen at stations?
submitted by Ecthelion75 to X4Foundations [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 hiiwritethings92 Sites that take prepaid cards

Looking for OLD sites that take prepaid cards, anyone know of any? And yes, I know this sounds sketchy, but I’m going through a divorce and we still have joint accounts for now. My ex will literally make fun of me if she finds OLD charges on our accounts. I know I could open a new credit card account but my lawyer tells me I should hold off.
So for now I’m looking to use a prepaid card and see if any women are actually interested in a guy who’s going through a divorce lol
Thanks all
submitted by hiiwritethings92 to dating [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Inksrocket When people can't look like imvu characters or use cactpot for days

When people can't look like imvu characters or use cactpot for days submitted by Inksrocket to ShitpostXIV [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 SaucedSlothsSociety NEW STARTUP BRAND AND NFT COLLECTION

NEW STARTUP BRAND AND NFT COLLECTION submitted by SaucedSlothsSociety to NFTExchange [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 lkoichirol Global labs update 12/3/2021

https://www-global--lab-playblackdesert-com.translate.goog/News/Notice/Detail?boardNo=1437&countryType=en-US&boardType=2&searchType&searchText¤tPage=1&\_x\_tr\_sl=auto&\_x\_tr\_tl=en&\_x\_tr\_hl=fil
submitted by lkoichirol to blackdesertonline [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Consistent-Bee-1302 Paganini 5 - my arm gets tired

I'm revisiting Paganini 5 after about 8-9 years for a competition and in the middle section, my left arm gets so tired I can barely lift my fingers by the end. I remember I had the same problem when I played it as a child but don't really remember how I dealt with it. I also had this problem with fast Bach movements when I was younger, but that has since gone away.
I guess I'm out of practice with this type of technique because not a lot of standard repertoire includes such long passages of fast notes. If I split the middle section into two, I can play both parts perfectly, but when playing the whole thing there are always places that I mess up because I literally can't lift my fingers anymore. and it's starting to be very frustrating.
When I'm in front of an audience or my teacher, my arm gets tired much faster than when I'm playing it alone, so I know a part of this is general nervousness.
What can I do to build more stamina in my left arm? If I play it a little slower than the intended tempo this doesn't happen and I'm 100% sure of every note I play so it's not like I don't know what I'm doing so I mess up. I've tried playing it through a few times in a row hoping my arm will then be relieved when only having to play it once, but it's not working and I'm out of ideas
submitted by Consistent-Bee-1302 to violinist [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 alphabay12 Help - Keyboard Doesn't Always Power On With PC

I hope this is the right sub for this, maybe buildapc if its better suited if motherboard related?
I run a wired Corsair K68 which is about a month old. Most times it will power on with the PC perfectly fine, but every 1/50 boots maybe I need to unplug the USB connection and reconnect for it to get power.
Anyone heard of a similar issue? It doesn't bother me I just don't want the problem to progress to something worse.
submitted by alphabay12 to keyboards [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 keithley007 World Record Attempt

just to get an estimate: who would like to break a Guinness World Record? All you would need to do is join a zoom link, and then listen to a 5 min presentation on the importance of 3D printing (to fulfill the requirements.) upvote or comment if you are interested, we need 250+ people. Thank you much!
submitted by keithley007 to 3Dprinting [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 doubs_ What was that one time when you started questioning being friends with a certain person?

submitted by doubs_ to AskReddit [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Easy_Sherbert_2321 Shiba Lambo | Next BSC GEM | 7% SHIBA Rewards | Less than 1hours old | Low Marketcap 💎 | Safe Contract ✅ | Renounced and Locked | Dont Miss Out

Missed out on Shiba Inu ? Shiba Lambo will soon be the newest and hottest meme coin on the Binance Smart Chain. What are you waiting for? Come along for the ride and don’t be left in the dust!
Here we are introducing the next 100x Gem token. Shiba Lambo is the perfect low market cap gem for meme coin investors looking for a moonshot.
Shiba Lambo aims to create a community that can reap the benefits of the increasing interest in the crypto market. Inspiring to be a successful, community-driven project, Shiba Lambo is ready to be your latest moonshot.
Backed by well known influencers in the cryptosphere, Shiba Lambo is here to stay and make new waves! Join our Telegram and learn what we’re all about.
Let's build a community so we can all get a lambo! Which color do you prefer? 🔴🟠🟡🟢🔵🟣⚫️⚪️🟤 Join our Telegram to be part of the next x100 moonshot 🚀
▪️ 7% SHIBA REWARDS
▪️ 1% LIQUIDITY
▪️ 2% MARKETING
▪️ MAX WALLET 3%
▪️ Total Supply : 1,000,000,000 tokens
▪️ HUGE MARKETING BUDGET
▪️ BIG INFLUENCERS ALREADY CONTACTED
▪️ 100% SAFU (LOCKED + RENOUNCED)
▪️ STEALTH LAUNCHED
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Features⚡️
☑️ CA Verified
🔥 100% SAFU
🔥 Liquidity Locked
🔥 Contract Renounced
💯 Big Marketing Budget = Moonshot guaranteed!
📊LINKS📊
Verified Contract: 0xed55bb523961875c1324d227f964d992a3b13574
Buy Now: https://pancakeswap.finance/swap?outputCurrency=0xed55bb523961875c1324d227f964d992a3b13574
LP Locked: https://deeplock.io/lock/0x5bCc6b7704C521815f5Ed5389C585f2ec6F144C3
Renounced Ownership: https://bscscan.com/token/0xed55bb523961875c1324d227f964d992a3b13574#readContract
submitted by Easy_Sherbert_2321 to ico [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 drynionph ✊$RoninGamez – Just got listed in CMC! ⭐ | ⚡ Launching Now on BSC | All NFTs will be out made by lead dev ❤Alex Lopez – in charge of Magic the Gathering, NBA 2k, NFL 2k☀︎ | Revolutionary gaming and NFT eco-system | ☄︎ Liquidity Lock | ☑︎Next x100



Join the bullrun! $RoninGamez is currently on upstreak as they got listed on CMC
Get into the community to experience the upcoming utility presentation
https://t.me/RONINGMZ
Waste no time and take hold of the precious $RONINGMZ tokens while they are still hot!
☘︎Where to buy? Pancakeswap with 8% slippage! ☠︎
https://pancakeswap.finance/swap?outputCurrency=0xC6ac148250736a67E84864Eae2B45A8a81D9e163
✖ What is Ronin Games?
Ronin Games is a multi-player gaming and NFT ecosystem created to revolutionize the field of Parimutuel betting.
Ronin Gamez is building a platform to bring together the best aspects of Crypto, Gaming, NFTs & Betting. The RONIN token will serve as the native utility token on the platform, being used for, but not limited to, interacting with the games by purchasing upgrades & NFTs, betting, voting/governance, staking and more.
♾ Who is their main dev? He is a world know figure in the gaming world!
His main lead gaming developer is – Alex Lopez. He was responsible for major computer video games like “Magic the gathering”, “NBA 2k”, “NFL 2k”.

❤️Tokenomics - Roninomics:
☝️Total Supply: 100,000,000
☝️Tax -6%: 2% Auto liquidity, 4% Marketing
☝️Secure – Time base tokenism solve anti-pump and dump, paper hands, sniper bots
☝️Robust – Airdrop rewards for diamond holders
♻⛩️Total Distribution:
♨️ Private Sale – 20%
♨️ Pre-Sale – 40%
♨️ Liquidity – 14%
♨️ Airdrops – 10%
♨️ Staking – 6%
♨️ Team – 10%
✈️Contract Address: 0xC6ac148250736a67E84864Eae2B45A8a81D9e163
❄️ Join the community and feel the great vibe!
Ronin Games’ team have given you a wide variety of social platforms that you can engage with and communicate with other people in the project. Right there you can contact the team and ask them anything you feel like it! I have done it myself and they are flawless in their response.
♟️ Website: https://roningamez.in/
✉️ Telegram: https://t.me/RONINGMZ
☎️ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Roningz
submitted by drynionph to CryptocurrencyICO [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 deadkittenrespawn 🌟 Xmas Floki ⭐️ $XFLOKI 💎 Available on Pancakeswap in 20 minutes! 🚀 Best Xmas token!🥇 Participate in Christams lottery on website! 🤶 Join our Telegram! 🤶 Best fair launch!

Website: https://www.xmas-floki.net/
Telegram: https://t.me/XmasFloki
Welcome to Xmas Floki! $XFLOKI
We present you $XFLOKI! The new Santa of rewards that you just need to hold and enjoy your BTC rewards that will automatically drop on your wallet every hour and also make you eligible for our lottery that will be held every week.
Rewards Fee
-Out of every buy transaction 5% will automatically be redistributed among Xmas Floki holders in BTC while on each sell that transaction will turn into 7% to provide even more rewards for holders.
Lottery Fee:
-Out of every buy transaction 3% will automatically go to our Loterry wallet while on each sell that transaction will turn into 5%.
Liquidity Fee:
-We have also implemented a tax of 2% on each buy & 4% of each sell transaction to be added back into the liquidity pool. This will provide us a stronger floor and give a bigger incentive to hold.
Marketing Fee:
-3% of each buy & 6% of each sell transaction will be automatically sent in BTC (so we don't lose value at the same time) to a wallet which is going to be used strictly for marketing and development of Xmas Floki.
Audit
-After launch we will submit for an audit and it will be done in the upcoming week.
Xmas Floki Tokenomics:
-Total Supply - 1T
-Network - BEP20
-Burn - 50%
-PCS Liquidity - 45%
-Team Wallet - 5%
Total Tax:
- 13 % Buy (5% Rewards, 3% Lottery, 2% Liquidity, 3% Marketing)
- 22 % Sell (7% Rewards, 5% Lottery, 4% Liquidity, 6% Marketing)
Website: https://www.xmas-floki.net/
Telegram: https://t.me/XmasFloki
submitted by deadkittenrespawn to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 PoisonIvy2038 Good brands for plugs

I’m looking for some solid brands that have cute 9 mm plugs. I have sensitive ears, I know for a fact that glass plugs and surgical grade titanium don’t irritate them. Cheap jewelry almost always does (stainless steel and acrylic both do). Also, if you guys know of any other materials I can potentially try to see if it doesn’t irritate my ears. The more options the better. It’s been pretty difficult to find cute stuff (besides the basic tunnels and solid color glass plugs) with good materials.
I am on a little bit of a budget, so ideally something that is good quality, but won’t break the bank. However, I am willing to save up for a while to get good jewelry if need be. Thank you!
submitted by PoisonIvy2038 to PiercingAdvice [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 No_Fisherman_8384 【黑心食物】內地吉野家被揭用 過期蔬菜、發臭肉製麻婆豆腐

【黑心食物】內地吉野家被揭用 過期蔬菜、發臭肉製麻婆豆腐 submitted by No_Fisherman_8384 to China_irl [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 Mean_Classic_5468 I did a spread on myself for the first time asking what’s the best path I can take at this time? I did this from left to right top row being Past, Present, Future and bottom row Mind, Body, Spirit. Can someone help me with the interpretation?

submitted by Mean_Classic_5468 to tarotreadings [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 anon52364 Tomorrow needs to be it

I don’t want to keep doing this. It’s going to ruin my life in every way. I know that I’m going to feel like trash tomorrow. I don’t even get drunk anymore. I bought and drank a 12 pack of whiteclaw in under 12 hours like it was nothing. I want to stop so badly but I keep drinking my hangovers away. The worst part is that I’m 100% aware of how bad this is. I’ve recently made it one week without drinking, but I ALWAYS find a way back to it.
submitted by anon52364 to stopdrinking [link] [comments]


2021.12.03 03:11 t_999 i want azan to give me a hug😔

The history of all hitherto existing society(2) is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master(3) and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes. In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations. The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones. Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinct feature: it has simplified class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other — Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns. From these burgesses the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed. The discovery of America, the rounding of the Cape, opened up fresh ground for the rising bourgeoisie. The East-Indian and Chinese markets, the colonisation of America, trade with the colonies, the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally, gave to commerce, to navigation, to industry, an impulse never before known, and thereby, to the revolutionary element in the tottering feudal society, a rapid development. The feudal system of industry, in which industrial production was monopolised by closed guilds, now no longer sufficed for the growing wants of the new markets. The manufacturing system took its place. The guild-masters were pushed on one side by the manufacturing middle class; division of labour between the different corporate guilds vanished in the face of division of labour in each single workshop. Meantime the markets kept ever growing, the demand ever rising. Even manufacturer no longer sufficed. Thereupon, steam and machinery revolutionised industrial production. The place of manufacture was taken by the giant, Modern Industry; the place of the industrial middle class by industrial millionaires, the leaders of the whole industrial armies, the modern bourgeois. Modern industry has established the world market, for which the discovery of America paved the way. This market has given an immense development to commerce, to navigation, to communication by land. This development has, in its turn, reacted on the extension of industry; and in proportion as industry, commerce, navigation, railways extended, in the same proportion the bourgeoisie developed, increased its capital, and pushed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages. We see, therefore, how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development, of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange. Each step in the development of the bourgeoisie was accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that class. An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility, an armed and self-governing association in the medieval commune(4): here independent urban republic (as in Italy and Germany); there taxable “third estate” of the monarchy (as in France); afterwards, in the period of manufacturing proper, serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility, and, in fact, cornerstone of the great monarchies in general, the bourgeoisie has at last, since the establishment of Modern Industry and of the world market, conquered for itself, in the modern representative State, exclusive political sway. The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie, historically, has played a most revolutionary part. The bourgeoisie, wherever it has got the upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations. It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his “natural superiors”, and has left remaining no other nexus between man and man than naked self-interest, than callous “cash payment”. It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious fervour, of chivalrous enthusiasm, of philistine sentimentalism, in the icy water of egotistical calculation. It has resolved personal worth into exchange value, and in place of the numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms, has set up that single, unconscionable freedom — Free Trade. In one word, for exploitation, veiled by religious and political illusions, it has substituted naked, shameless, direct, brutal exploitation. The bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo every occupation hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent awe. It has converted the physician, the lawyer, the priest, the poet, the man of science, into its paid wage labourers. The bourgeoisie has torn away from the family its sentimental veil, and has reduced the family relation to a mere money relation. The bourgeoisie has disclosed how it came to pass that the brutal display of vigour in the Middle Ages, which reactionaries so much admire, found its fitting complement in the most slothful indolence. It has been the first to show what man’s activity can bring about. It has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts, and Gothic cathedrals; it has conducted expeditions that put in the shade all former Exoduses of nations and crusades. The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant revolutionising of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life, and his relations with his kind. The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the entire surface of the globe. It must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connexions everywhere. The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country. To the great chagrin of Reactionists, it has drawn from under the feet of industry the national ground on which it stood. All old-established national industries have been destroyed or are daily being destroyed. They are dislodged by new industries, whose introduction becomes a life and death question for all civilised nations, by industries that no longer work up indigenous raw material, but raw material drawn from the remotest zones; industries whose products are consumed, not only at home, but in every quarter of the globe. In place of the old wants, satisfied by the production of the country, we find new wants, requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes. In place of the old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have intercourse in every direction, universal inter-dependence of nations. And as in material, so also in intellectual production. The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property. National one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible, and from the numerous national and local literatures, there arises a world literature. The bourgeoisie, by the rapid improvement of all instruments of production, by the immensely facilitated means of communication, draws all, even the most barbarian, nations into civilisation. The cheap prices of commodities are the heavy artillery with which it batters down all Chinese walls, with which it forces the barbarians’ intensely obstinate hatred of foreigners to capitulate. It compels all nations, on pain of extinction, to adopt the bourgeois mode of production; it compels them to introduce what it calls civilisation into their midst, i.e., to become bourgeois themselves. In one word, it creates a world after its own image. The bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns. It has created enormous cities, has greatly increased the urban population as compared with the rural, and has thus rescued a considerable part of the population from the idiocy of rural life. Just as it has made the country dependent on the towns, so it has made barbarian and semi-barbarian countries dependent on the civilised ones, nations of peasants on nations of bourgeois, the East on the West. The bourgeoisie keeps more and more doing away with the scattered state of the population, of the means of production, and of property. It has agglomerated population, centralised the means of production, and has concentrated property in a few hands. The necessary consequence of this was political centralisation. Independent, or but loosely connected provinces, with separate interests, laws, governments, and systems of taxation, became lumped together into one nation, with one government, one code of laws, one national class-interest, one frontier, and one customs-tariff. The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together. Subjection of Nature’s forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to industry and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of whole continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground — what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labour? We see then: the means of production and of exchange, on whose foundation the bourgeoisie built itself up, were generated in feudal society. At a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange, the conditions under which feudal society produced and exchanged, the feudal organisation of agriculture and manufacturing industry, in one word, the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces; they became so many fetters. They had to be burst asunder; they were burst asunder. Into their place stepped free competition, accompanied by a social and political constitution adapted in it, and the economic and political sway of the bourgeois class. A similar movement is going on before our own eyes. Modern bourgeois society, with its relations of production, of exchange and of property, a society that has conjured up such gigantic means of production and of exchange, is like the sorcerer who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells. For many a decade past the history of industry and commerce is but the history of the revolt of modern productive forces against modern conditions of production, against the property relations that are the conditions for the existence of the bourgeois and of its rule. It is enough to mention the commercial crises that by their periodical return put the existence of the entire bourgeois society on its trial, each time more threateningly. In these crises, a great part not only of the existing products, but also of the previously created productive forces, are periodically destroyed. In these crises, there breaks out an epidemic that, in all earlier epochs, would have seemed an absurdity — the epidemic of over-production. Society suddenly finds itself put back into a state of momentary barbarism; it appears as if a famine, a universal war of devastation, had cut off the supply of every means of subsistence; industry and commerce seem to be destroyed; and why? Because there is too much civilisation, too much means of subsistence, too much industry, too much commerce. The productive forces at the disposal of society no longer tend to further the development of the conditions of bourgeois property; on the contrary, they have become too powerful for these conditions, by which they are fettered, and so soon as they overcome these fetters, they bring disorder into the whole of bourgeois society, endanger the existence of bourgeois property. The conditions of bourgeois society are too narrow to comprise the wealth created by them. And how does the bourgeoisie get over these crises? On the one hand by enforced destruction of a mass of productive forces; on the other, by the conquest of new markets, and by the more thorough exploitation of the old ones. That is to say, by paving the way for more extensive and more destructive crises, and by diminishing the means whereby crises are prevented. The weapons with which the bourgeoisie felled feudalism to the ground are now turned against the bourgeoisie itself. But not only has the bourgeoisie forged the weapons that bring death to itself; it has also called into existence the men who are to wield those weapons — the modern working class — the proletarians. In proportion as the bourgeoisie, i.e., capital, is developed, in the same proportion is the proletariat, the modern working class, developed — a class of labourers, who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only so long as their labour increases capital. These labourers, who must sell themselves piecemeal, are a commodity, like every other article of commerce, and are consequently exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market. Owing to the extensive use of machinery, and to the division of labour, the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character, and, consequently, all charm for the workman. He becomes an appendage of the machine, and it is only the most simple, most monotonous, and most easily acquired knack, that is required of him. Hence, the cost of production of a workman is restricted, almost entirely, to the means of subsistence that he requires for maintenance, and for the propagation of his race. But the price of a commodity, and therefore also of labour, is equal to its cost of production. In proportion, therefore, as the repulsiveness of the work increases, the wage decreases. Nay more, in proportion as the use of machinery and division of labour increases, in the same proportion the burden of toil also increases, whether by prolongation of the working hours, by the increase of the work exacted in a given time or by increased speed of machinery, etc. Modern Industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist. Masses of labourers, crowded into the factory, are organised like soldiers. As privates of the industrial army they are placed under the command of a perfect hierarchy of officers and sergeants. Not only are they slaves of the bourgeois class, and of the bourgeois State; they are daily and hourly enslaved by the machine, by the overlooker, and, above all, by the individual bourgeois manufacturer himself. The more openly this despotism proclaims gain to be its end and aim, the more petty, the more hateful and the more embittering it is. The less the skill and exertion of strength implied in manual labour, in other words, the more modern industry becomes developed, the more is the labour of men superseded by that of women. Differences of age and sex have no longer any distinctive social validity for the working class. All are instruments of labour, more or less expensive to use, according to their age and sex. No sooner is the exploitation of the labourer by the manufacturer, so far, at an end, that he receives his wages in cash, than he is set upon by the other portions of the bourgeoisie, the landlord, the shopkeeper, the pawnbroker, etc. The lower strata of the middle class — the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, and retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants — all these sink gradually into the proletariat, partly because their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which Modern Industry is carried on, and is swamped in the competition with the large capitalists, partly because their specialised skill is rendered worthless by new methods of production. Thus the proletariat is recruited from all classes of the population. The proletariat goes through various stages of development. With its birth begins its struggle with the bourgeoisie. At first the contest is carried on by individual labourers, then by the workpeople of a factory, then by the operative of one trade, in one locality, against the individual bourgeois who directly exploits them. They direct their attacks not against the bourgeois conditions of production, but against the instruments of production themselves; they destroy imported wares that compete with their labour, they smash to pieces machinery, they set factories ablaze, they seek to restore by force the vanished status of the workman of the Middle Ages. At this stage, the labourers still form an incoherent mass scattered over the whole country, and broken up by their mutual competition. If anywhere they unite to form more compact bodies, this is not yet the consequence of their own active union, but of the union of the bourgeoisie, which class, in order to attain its own political ends, is compelled to set the whole proletariat in motion, and is moreover yet, for a time, able to do so. At this stage, therefore, the proletarians do not fight their enemies, but the enemies of their enemies, the remnants of absolute monarchy, the landowners, the non-industrial bourgeois, the petty bourgeois. Thus, the whole historical movement is concentrated in the hands of the bourgeoisie; every victory so obtained is a victory for the bourgeoisie. But with the development of industry, the proletariat not only increases in number; it becomes concentrated in greater masses, its strength grows, and it feels that strength more. The various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalised, in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of labour, and nearly everywhere reduces wages to the same low level. The growing competition among the bourgeois, and the resulting commercial crises, make the wages of the workers ever more fluctuating. The increasing improvement of machinery, ever more rapidly developing, makes their livelihood more and more precarious; the collisions between individual workmen and individual bourgeois take more and more the character of collisions between two classes. Thereupon, the workers begin to form combinations (Trades’ Unions) against the bourgeois; they club together in order to keep up the rate of wages; they found permanent associations in order to make provision beforehand for these occasional revolts. Here and there, the contest breaks out into riots. Now and then the workers are victorious, but only for a time. The real fruit of their battles lies, not in the immediate result, but in the ever expanding union of the workers. This union is helped on by the improved means of communication that are created by modern industry, and that place the workers of different localities in contact with one another. It was just this contact that was needed to centralise the numerous local struggles, all of the same character, into one national struggle between classes. But every class struggle is a political struggle. And that union, to attain which the burghers of the Middle Ages, with their miserable highways, required centuries, the modern proletarian, thanks to railways, achieve in a few years. This organisation of the proletarians into a class, and, consequently into a political party, is continually being upset again by the competition between the workers themselves. But it ever rises up again, stronger, firmer, mightier. It compels legislative recognition of particular interests of the workers, by taking advantage of the divisions among the bourgeoisie itself. Thus, the ten-hours’ bill in England was carried. Altogether collisions between the classes of the old society further, in many ways, the course of development of the proletariat. The bourgeoisie finds itself involved in a constant battle. At first with the aristocracy; later on, with those portions of the bourgeoisie itself, whose interests have become antagonistic to the progress of industry; at all time with the bourgeoisie of foreign countries. In all these battles, it sees itself compelled to appeal to the proletariat, to ask for help, and thus, to drag it into the political arena. The bourgeoisie itself, therefore, supplies the proletariat with its own elements of political and general education, in other words, it furnishes the proletariat with weapons for fighting the bourgeoisie. Further, as we have already seen, entire sections of the ruling class are, by the advance of industry, precipitated into the proletariat, or are at least threatened in their conditions of existence. These also supply the proletariat with fresh elements of enlightenment and progress. Finally, in times when the class struggle nears the decisive hour, the progress of dissolution going on within the ruling class, in fact within the whole range of old society, assumes such a violent, glaring character, that a small section of the ruling class cuts itself adrift, and joins the revolutionary class, the class that holds the future in its hands. Just as, therefore, at an earlier period, a section of the nobility went over to the bourgeoisie, so now a portion of the bourgeoisie goes over to the proletariat, and in particular, a portion of the bourgeois ideologists, who have raised themselves to the level of comprehending theoretically the historical movement as a whole. Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. The other classes decay and finally disappear in the face of Modern Industry; the proletariat is its special and essential product. The lower middle class, the small manufacturer, the shopkeeper, the artisan, the peasant, all these fight against the bourgeoisie, to save from extinction their existence as fractions of the middle class. They are therefore not revolutionary, but conservative. Nay more, they are reactionary, for they try to roll back the wheel of history. If by chance, they are revolutionary, they are only so in view of their impending transfer into the proletariat; they thus defend not their present, but their future interests, they desert their own standpoint to place themselves at that of the proletariat. The “dangerous class”, [lumpenproletariat] the social scum, that passively rotting mass thrown off by the lowest layers of the old society, may, here and there, be swept into the movement by a proletarian revolution; its conditions of life, however, prepare it far more for the part of a bribed tool of reactionary intrigue. In the condition of the proletariat, those of old society at large are already virtually swamped. The proletarian is without property; his relation to his wife and children has no longer anything in common with the bourgeois family relations; modern industry labour, modern subjection to capital, the same in England as in France, in America as in Germany, has stripped him of every trace of national character. Law, morality, religion, are to him so many bourgeois prejudices, behind which lurk in ambush just as many bourgeois interests. All the preceding classes that got the upper hand sought to fortify their already acquired status by subjecting society at large to their conditions of appropriation. The proletarians cannot become masters of the productive forces of society, except by abolishing their own previous mode of appropriation, and thereby also every other previous mode of appropriation. They have nothing of their own to secure and to fortify; their mission is to destroy all previous securities for, and insurances of, individual property. All previous historical movements were movements of minorities, or in the interest of minorities. The proletarian movement is the self-conscious, independent movement of the immense majority, in the interest of the immense majority. The proletariat, the lowest stratum of our present society, cannot stir, cannot raise itself up, without the whole superincumbent strata of official society being sprung into the air. Though not in substance, yet in form, the struggle of the proletariat with the bourgeoisie is at first a national struggle. The proletariat of each country must, of course, first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie. In depicting the most general phases of the development of the proletariat, we traced the more or less veiled civil war, raging within existing society, up to the point where that war breaks out into open revolution, and where the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie lays the foundation for the sway of the proletariat. Hitherto, every form of society has been based, as we have already seen, on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes. But in order to oppress a class, certain conditions must be assured to it under which it can, at least, continue its slavish existence. The serf, in the period of serfdom, raised himself to membership in the commune, just as the petty bourgeois, under the yoke of the feudal absolutism, managed to develop into a bourgeois. The modern labourer, on the contrary, instead of rising with the process of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class. He becomes a pauper, and pauperism develops more rapidly than population and wealth. And here it becomes evident, that the bourgeoisie is unfit any longer to be the ruling class in society, and to impose its conditions of existence upon society as an over-riding law. It is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its slave within his slavery, because it cannot help letting him sink into such a state, that it has to feed him, instead of being fed by him. Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie, in other words, its existence is no longer compatible with society. The essential conditions for the existence and for the sway of the bourgeois class is the formation and augmentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage-labour. Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the labourers. The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the labourers, due to competition, by the revolutionary combination, due to association. The development of Modern Industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable.
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2021.12.03 03:11 NoctisStar The next episode in my analog horror series "Book of Nyx" hope you enjoy!

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2021.12.03 03:11 guccilatar This picture of my two dogs made me crack up

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